Pengembangan Permainan Edukasi Berbasis Augmented Reality untuk Pembelajaran Senyawa Hidrokarbon bagi Siswa Sekolah Menengan Atas (SMA)

Penulis

Carlista Naba, Muhammad Aminul Akbar, Ahmad Afif Supianto

Abstrak

Kimia merupakan satu dari banyak cabang ilmu pengetahuan yang diajarkan pada Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA), akan tetapi hasil observasi tenaga pengajar mengatakan bahwa masih banyak siswa yang sulit untuk mempelajari konsep kimia yang cenderung abstrak. Contoh materi yang masih membuat siswa bingung adalah materi senyawa hidrokarbon. Untuk mengatasi permasalahan dari konsep kimia yang abstrak, penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk mengembangkan media pembelajaran yang menarik melalui gim edukasi untuk mempelajari struktur serta tata penamaan The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) senyawa hidrokarbon dengan menggunakan Augmented Reality (AR). Gim edukasi yang akan dikembangkan memiliki genre puzzle penyusunan senyawa yang dapat dilihat dengan menggunakan AR. Gim juga akan mendeteksi nama dari senyawa yang dibuat oleh pemain. Penelitian akan dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Iterative and Rapid Prototyping, serta hasil dari penelitian akan diuji secara fungsional menggunakan Black Box Testing dan diujikan kepada responden dengan modul Game Experience Questionnaire (GEQ). Pada GEQ responden akan diberikan 2 modul yang dijawab saat sedang bermain gim dan setelah bermain gim. Hasil dari pengujian fungsional menunjukkan bahwa gim bekerja dengan baik dengan 100% validitas, begitu juga hasil pengujian pengalaman pemain dengan GEQ. Berdasarkan kuesioner dengan GEQ, gim yang menggunakan AR dapat menambah minat dan mengurangi rasa bosan siswa saat belajar. 

 

Abstract

Chemistry is one of the many branches of science that is taught on high school, but observations from teachers shows that there’s still many students who struggles learning chemistry because of its abstract and intangible concept. Example of a chapter that student still struggles is hydrocarbon chapter. To help with the problem of the abstractness concept of chemistry, this study has a goal to develop an educational game as a learning media to study about the structural molecule of hydrocarbon compound and its The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) nomenclature using Augmented Reality (AR). The game will be developed as a puzzle game, on which the player arrange and build a hydrocarbon compound that can be seen on the real world with AR. The game will also detects the compound’s name. This study will be done with Iterative Rapid Prototyping design cycle. The study’s functionality result will be tested with Black Box Testing and tested on students with Game Experience Questionnaire (GEQ) module to asses the student’s experience. There is 2 modules, which will be asked when the respondent play the game, and when they’re finished playing the game accordingly. The results of functionality testing shows that the game works well with 100% validity, just as the experience testing with GEQ. Based on the questionnaire results, game that uses AR could improve the student’s interest and help them to overcome their feeling of boredom in learning.

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Referensi


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25126/jtiik.2022935743