Algoritma Deep Learning-LSTM untuk Memprediksi Umur Transformator

Penulis

Ayu Ahadi Ningrum, Iwan Syarif, Agus Indra Gunawan, Edi Satriyanto, Rosmaliati Muchtar

Abstrak

Kualitas dan ketersediaan pasokan listrik menjadi hal yang sangat penting. Kegagalan pada transformator menyebabkan pemadaman listrik yang dapat menurunkan kualitas layanan kepada pelanggan. Oleh karena itu, pengetahuan tentang umur transformator sangat penting untuk menghindari terjadinya kerusakan transformator secara mendadak yang dapat mengurangi kualitas layanan pada pelanggan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan aplikasi yang dapat memprediksi umur transformator secara akurat menggunakan metode Deep Learning-LSTM. LSTM adalah metode yang dapat digunakan untuk mempelajari suatu pola pada data deret waktu. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini bersumber dari 25 unit transformator yang meliputi data dari sensor arus, tegangan, dan suhu. Analisis performa yang digunakan untuk mengukur kinerja LSTM adalah Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) dan Squared Correlation (SC). Selain LSTM, penelitian ini juga menerapkan algoritma Multilayer Perceptron, Linear Regression, dan Gradient Boosting Regressor sebagai algoritma pembanding.  Hasil eksperimen menunjukkan bahwa LSTM mempunyai kinerja yang sangat bagus setelah dilakukan pencarian komposisi data, seleksi fitur menggunakan algoritma KBest dan melakukan percobaan beberapa variasi parameter. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa metode Deep Learning-LSTM mempunyai kinerja yang lebih baik daripada 3 algoritma lain yaitu nilai RMSE= 0,0004 dan nilai Squared Correlation= 0,9690.

 

Abstract

The quality and availability of the electricity supply is very important. Failures in the transformer cause power outages which can reduce the quality of service to customers. Therefore, knowledge of transformer life is very important to avoid sudden transformer damage which can reduce the quality of service to customers. This study aims to develop applications that can predict transformer life accurately using the Deep Learning-LSTM method. LSTM is a method that can be used to study a pattern in time series data. The data used in this research comes from 25 transformer units which include data from current, voltage, and temperature sensors. The performance analysis used to measure LSTM performance is Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) and Squared Correlation (SC). Apart from LSTM, this research also applies the Multilayer Perceptron algorithm, Linear Regression, and Gradient Boosting Regressor as a comparison algorithm. The experimental results show that LSTM has a very good performance after searching for the composition of the data, selecting features using the KBest algorithm and experimenting with several parameter variations. The results showed that the Deep Learning-LSTM method had better performance than the other 3 algorithms, namely the value of RMSE = 0.0004 and the value of Squared Correlation = 0.9690.

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Referensi


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25126/jtiik.2021834587