Studi Perbandingan Alat Pengujian Otomatis untuk Aplikasi Android

Penulis

Arlinta Christy Barus, Leo Siburian

Abstrak

Pengujian adalah tahap yang penting dan harus dilalui dalam proses pengembangan perangkat lunak. Pengujian tersebut dilakukan untuk menghindari kesalahan yang mungkin terdapat pada perangkat lunak yang diuji. Ada banyak kasus uji (test case) yang harus dieksekusi dalam proses pengujian. Karena itu, pengujian yang dilakukan secara manual membutuhkan upaya yang besar. Oleh sebab itu pengujian otomatis (automated testing) menjadi hal yang penting untuk dipertimbangkan menggantikan pengujian manual. Pengujian otomatis adalah penggunaan kakas pengujian (testing tools atau testing framework) dalam melakukan pengujian suatu perangkat lunak yang secara signifikan mengurangi waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk melakukan pengujian. Ada banyak kakas yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan pengujian otomatis, antara lain Selendroid, Calabash, dan UI Automator. Tulisan ini membahas tentang studi perbandingan kakas pengujian otomatis pada aplikasi mobile berbasis android dengan menggunakan Selendroid, Calabash, dan UI Automator.  Eksperimen dilakukan untuk mengetahui kelebihan dan kekurangan masing-masing tools. Dari hasil analisis dan eksperimen, penulis merekomendasikan UI Automator sebagai kakas terbaik dalam hal kemudahan penginstalasian dan menjalankan kasus uji dalam sebuah kegiatan pengujian aplikasi mobile berbasis android.

 

Abstract

Testing is a must to do phase in software development process. It is perfomed to avoid any bugs that may exist in the software. There are many test cases to be executed in the testing process to make sure software is running according to its specification and without any bugs. Testing done manually takes a long time and extra work. Therefore, automated testing is important. Automated testing is the use of testing tools or testing framework in testing a software. Automated testing aims to test or significantly reduce the time required for testing. There are many tools that can be used to perform test automation of android mobile application, including Selendroid, Calabash, and UI Automator. This paper discusses about comparative studies of automated testing tools on android applications using Selendroid, Calabash, and UI Automator. Some experiments are conducted to know the strengths and weakness of each tool. Based on this study, we give recommendation to UI Automator as the handiest tool to use in term of installation and the execution of the test cases.


Kata Kunci


Pengujian Otomatis; Android; Selendroid; Calabash; UI Automator

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25126/jtiik.201966953