Pengambilan Data secara Bergerak pada Automatic Meter Reading Bertopologi Mesh

Penulis

Fandisya Rahman, Achmad Basuki, Ismiarta Aknuranda

Abstrak

Proses rekapitulasi informasi mengenai kuantitas pemakaian listrik, air, dan gas dari pelanggan perusahaan penyedia utilitas umumnya tersedia melalui proses pengumpulan data secara berkala. Proses pengumpulan/pencatatan data tersebut dilakukan oleh petugas yang berkunjung ke setiap rumah-rumah pelanggan secara periodik. Banyaknya rumah yang dikunjungi menyebabkan pekerjaan mencatat data menjadi berat dan memungkinkan terjadi kesalahan pencatatan. Data yang tidak akurat berkorelasi terhadap kerugian finansial yang ditanggung perusahaan penyedia utilitas. Berbagai teknologi untuk memudahkan pencatatan seperti (Automatic Meter Reading) AMR telah diterapkan, tetapi masih memiliki permasalahan dalam proses pengiriman data dari perangkat pencatat ke pusat basis data. Penelitian ini mengusulkan pengembangan teknologi AMR dengan menerapkan mekanisme pengambilan data secara bergerak dan nirkabel dengan topologi jaringan mesh. Setiap perangkat AMR diasumsikan sebagai perangkat statis yang terhubung secara topologi jaringan mesh dengan perangkat AMR lain yang saling berdekatan dan dapat bertindak sebagai relay untuk kemudian mengirimkan data ke perangkat pencatat bergerak yang digunakan oleh petugas atau disebut perangkat Mobile Data Gathering(MDG). Perangkat pencatat MDG dapat mengumpulkan data secara bergerak mendekati salah satu perangkat AMR untuk mengumpulkan data dari seluruh perangkat AMR yang saling berdekatan. Kecepatan bergerak perangkat pencatat AMR berpengaruh dalam akurasi pencatatan dan jumlah data yang dapat dikumpulkan. Berdasarkan hasil uji simulasi dapat diketahui bahwa sistem pengumpulan data dengan mekanisme bergerak mampu mengumpulkan data dengan kecepatan terbaik 30 km/jam dengan jumlah data sebanyak 86% dari semua jumlah perangkat AMR.

Abstract

Recapitulation process information on the amount of electricity, water and gas from a utility provider of enterprise customers are generally available through periodic data gathering processes. The data gathering process mostly performed by officers who periodically visit each customers' house. The more number of houses to be visited, the heavier the workload for data recording and the recording errors may occur. Inaccurate data correlate with financial losses borne by utilities. Various techniques to facilitate the recording such as Automatic Meter Ready (AMR) have been applied, but the problem during data transmission of data from the recording device to the central database still exists. This research proposes the development of AMR technology by applying the mechanism of wireless data transfer with mesh network topology. Each AMR device is assumed static devices in a network topology connected to other AMR devices side by side and can act as a relay than the data sent to a mobile agent recording device. The AMR wireless recording device can collect data that moves closer to one of the AMR devices to collect data from all neighboring AMR devices. The speed of movement of the AMR recording device affects the accuracy of the recording and the amount of data that can be collected. The evaluation results show that the data gathering system with a movement mechanism suitable for data collection at the best speeds of 30 km/h with the successful data gathering around 86% of all AMR devices

Kata Kunci


Automatic Meter Reading;Pengambilan Data Secara Bergerak;Jaringan Mesh Nirkabel;Wireless Sensor Network;

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


CAO, L., JIANG, W. dan ZHANG, Z., 2008. Networked wireless meter reading system based on ZigBee technology. Chinese Control and Decision Conference, 2008, CCDC 2008, pp.3455–3460.

CAO, L., TIAN, J. AND LIU, Y., 2008. Remote Wireless Automatic Meter Reading System Based on Wireless Mesh Networks and Embedded Technology. pp.192–197.

COLAK, I., SAGIROGLU, S., FULLI, G., Yesilbudak, M. and Covrig, C.F., 2016. A survey on the critical issues in smart grid technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.

KHALIFA, T., NAIK, K. dan NAYAK, A., 2011. A survey of communication protocols for automatic meter reading applications. In: IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials. pp.168–182.

MOHAMMAD, N., BARUA, A. dan ARAFAT, M.A., 2013. A smart prepaid energy metering system to control electricity theft. In: Proceedings of 2013 International Conference on Power, Energy and Control, ICPEC 2013.

NETO, J.R.T., YOKOYAMA, R.S., Boukerche, A., Guidoni, D.L., Meneguette, R.I. and Villas, L.A., 2015. Towards the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for automatic power meter readings. Proceedings - 15th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology, CIT 2015, 14th IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Communications, IUCC 2015, 13th IEEE International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Se, pp.379–386.

SIVANEASAN, B., GUNAWAN, E. dan SO, P.L., 2010. Modeling and performance analysis of automatic meter-reading systems using PLC under impulsive noise interference. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 25(3), pp.1465–1475.

TAN, H.G.R., LEE, C.H.R. AND MOK, V.H., 2007. Automatic power meter reading system using GSM network. 2007 International Power Engineering Conference (IPEC 2007), pp.465–469.

TORRES NETO, J.R., GUIDONI, D.L. dan VILLAS, L.A., 2015. A Lightweight Solution to perform Automatic Meter Reading using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. IEEE Latin America Transactions, 13(3), pp.628–633.

YAACOUB, E. dan ABU-DAYYA, A., 2014. Automatic meter reading in the smart grid using contention based random access over the free cellular spectrum. Computer Networks, [online] 59, pp.171–183. Available at: .

ZHENG, J., GAO, D.W. dan LIN, L., 2013. Smart meters in smart grid: An overview. In: IEEE Green Technologies Conference.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25126/jtiik.201961695