Perangkat Lunak Bantu Paleontologi Penentuan Usia Fosil Purba Menggunakan Pendekatan Rule Based Architecture

Penulis

Faulinda Ely Nastiti, Pipin Widyaningsih

Abstrak

Abstrak

Situs Sangiran merupakan situs purba digunakan untuk musium dan konservasi fosil-fosil yang ditemukan pada kawasan Sangiran. Kegiatan konservasi dilakukan oleh seksi Eksplorasi dengan melakukan analisis laboratorium menggunakan metode relatif. Metode relatif dapat memungkinkan perbedaan hasil usia fosil. Perangkat lunak bantu dibuat dengan tujuan untuk mengurangi subjektifitas dan ketidaksamaan persepsi penentuan usia fosil.  Perangkat lunak dibangun berdasarkan kriteria lapisan tanah yang dimiliki oleh fosil tersebut dengan kaidah-kaidah yang di gunakan oleh seksi Eksplorasi Balai Besar Situs Manusia Purba Sangiran. Penelitian ini mengadopsi metode penelitian Software Engineering Expert System. Basis aturan yang digunakan adalah  metode Forward Chaining, dimana penentuan usia fosil didapatkan dari penginputan ciri-ciri lapisan tanah dimana fosil ditemukan. Perangkat Lunak Paleontology memiliki 13 basis aturan. Basis aturan penelusuran usia fosil yang dikembangkan  sesuai dengan akuisisi pengetahuan seksi Eksplorasi. Perangkat lunak membantu para ahli geologi untuk menentukan usia fosil secara objektif sesuai kaidah-kaidah penentuan umur fosil dengan metode Relatif. Pengujian tingkat kepercayaan Perangkat Lunak diukur dengan metode Certainly Factor.

Kata kunci: Sistem Pakar,Penelusuran Kedepan, Paleontology, Sangiran, Tingkat Kepercayaan

Abstract

Sangiran is an archeology site that is used as museum and fossil conservation that is found around Sangiran. Conservation activities carried out by Exploration Devision by conducting laboratory analysis using relative method.  Those result some contradiction between on the statement of the fossil age.

Then a software is built to help reduce subjectivity and perception of inequalities determining the age of fossils. The software is built based on the criteria of layers of land owned by the fossils as ruled by Sangiran Exploration Devision. This study adopts the research Software Engineering Expert System. Forward Chaining method is the basis of rules that are used, where the determination of the age of the fossils obtained from inputting the characteristics of the soil layer discovery of fossils.Paleontology software has 13 base rules to investigate the fossil age based on knowledge acquisition by Sangiran Exploration Devision. The software helps the geologists to determine the age of fossils  objectively as written on the fossils age determination. Software testing conducted to measure confidence level by using Certanly FactorMetode.

Keywords: Expert System, Forward Chaining, Paleontologi, Sangiran, Certainly Factor

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25126/jtiik.201633165